Senin, 04 September 2017

How Do I Learn English Vocabulary? #ENGLISHFITRI

How Do I Learn English Vocabulary? 

Bagaimana saya belajar kosa kata bahasa inggris ?

By Jennifer Lebedev | Oleh Jennifer Lebedev
English Teacher, Writer, and Consultant | Guru Bahasa Inggris, Penulis dan Konsultan
When you study a foreign language, you have to learn a lot of new words. Ketika kamu belajar sebuah bahasa asing, kamu harus belajar banyak kata - kata baru. But how do you know which ones to learn? Tapi bagaimana kamu tahu yang mana untuk belajar ? Well, please don’t try to memorize a dictionary. Baik, tolong jangan mencoba untuk menghafal sebuah kamus. Focus on the most common words and words you need for your everyday communication. Fokus terhadap kata - kata yang umum dan kata - kata yang kamu butuhkan untuk komunikasi sehari - hari kamu. A computer programmer and a medical doctor must learn different industry-specific words, but they’ll also use many of the same words, like make and important. Seorang programer komputer dan seorang dokter kesehatan harus belajar berbeda kata - kata secara khusus, tapi mereka juga akan menggunakan banyak kata - kata yang sama seperti make dan important. A good vocabulary resource will present frequently used words for you to study. Sebuah kosa kata yang baik akan sering hadir digunakan kata - kata untuk kamu belajar. Visit sites like Learning Chocolate, English Central, and of course USA Learns to get you started with everyday vocabulary. Kunjungi situs seperti Learning Chocolate, English Central dan juga USA Learns untuk dapat kamu memulai dengan kosa kata setiap hari.
Learning a new word means more than understanding the meaning. Belajar sebuah kata baru berarti lebih daripada mengerti artinya. Take the time to learn the correct pronunciation. Sediakan waktu untuk belajar pelafalan yang benar. Listen closely to a model and repeat the word several times. Dengarkan baik - baik terhadap contoh dan ulangi kata beberapa kali. Next, note how the word is used. Kemudian, catatat bagaimana kata digunakan. What part of speech is it? Bagian pembicara apa itu ? If it’s a noun, is it countable? Kalau sebuah benda, apakah dapat dihitung ? If it’s a verb, does it take an object? Kalau sebuah kata kerja, Apakah sebuah objek ? Is there a whole expression you can learn with the word? Apakah ada sebuah keseluruhan ekspresi kamu dapat belajar dengan kata ? In Unit 20 of USALearns 1st Course, Ms. Marquez talks about different kinds of weather: hot and sunny weather or cool and windy weather. So in your vocabulary notebook, you might write an entry like this: Dalam bagian 20 dari USALearns 1stCourse, Ms.Marquez berbicara tentang perbedaan berbagai jenis cuaca : hot dan sunny weather atau cool dan windy weather. Jadi di dalam catatan kosa kata mu, kamu harus menulis sebuah tulisan seperti ini :
weather (noun) – different temperatures, what the air is like
hot weather, sunny weather, cool weather, windy weather.
Example: I like hot and sunny weather.
That’s right. I said a vocabulary notebook. Do you have one? Try keeping one on paper, on your smartphone, or anywhere you can easily find it. Use it for review. Continue to note phrases or sentences that you find with the word. For example, if you watch my beginner lesson on weather, you’ll hear me ask, “What’s the weather like?” I repeat the question a few times, so you know it’s worth learning. Creating your own example is a good idea, too. Most important, write down collocations or common combinations with the word. For instance, a person can make a mistake or make an important decision. If you learn those kinds of collocations, you’ll have an easier time putting your thoughts together in English. Isn’t it faster to build with larger bricks?
When you look for vocabulary resources, stay away from long lists of words, unless you simply want to review. Choose a lesson that groups a small number of words or expressions together in a logical way. You’ll have an easier time remembering everything. A good conversation or reading will show you how and when to use a word. Each USA Learns unit is based on a topic like education, women’s changing roles, community life, or workplace issues. To increase your knowledge of these and other aspects of life in the U.S., you can use my Language Notes series. I talk about the U.S. system of education and gender-neutral words. I think it’s important to note things like which words are formal and which are more conversational or in which places or situations you can expect to hear words used.
Even with great resources at your fingertips, you may not meet with success if you study at the wrong pace. Pace refers to how fast or how slow you do something. Trying to learn twenty new words a day isn’t realistic. The pace is too fast. But studying only two or three times a month also isn’t a good use of your time. The pace is too slow, and you can forget information or lose interest. Form good study habits that are easy for you to do on a regular basis. Can you complete a new unit each week or every two weeks here on USA Learns? If you have extra time, watch a video of mine to strengthen your knowledge of English and American culture.
As you move forward in your language studies, remember my tips:
  • Find resources that present common words and expressions in English.
  • Study what a word means, how to say it, how to use it, and when to use it.
  • Keep a vocabulary notebook to help you remember new words and their uses.
  • Set realistic goals and form good study habits.
Happy studies!

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